Around 350,000 Dutch people drive an electric car. That’s good news for them when temperatures rise. The higher the temperatures, the longer the range of your car and the further you can drive. And vice versa. What causes this difference in range?
Why do electric cars have a low range when it’s cold?
Electric cars depend on their rechargeable battery. It works best at an operating temperature of 20 to 21 degrees. The colder it is, the more effort it takes for the battery to reach an ideal temperature. In addition, hardly any heat is released from the battery. And as a result you can do fewer kilometers. Low temperatures can even reduce autonomy by 100 kilometers. Extreme heat also affects the range of an electric car. If you have the air conditioning on, it will be at the expense of the number of kilometers you can drive.
It can help to set an ideal temperature in advance, for example, during charging. You can usually cool or heat the battery as well, if needed. Also, many electric cars have the option of heating only certain seats. If you are alone in the car, you can choose this to save energy.
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What other factors play a role?
Not only the temperatures, but also your driving style partly determines how many kilometers you can do. If you have to brake and accelerate regularly, it doesn’t help, as is the case with fuel cars. A regular speed works best for the electric car. In addition, autonomy is greater at a speed of 100 kilometers per hour than at 120 kilometers per hour.
The content of your electric car is also important. The more weight you carry, the more power the battery will need. Good tire pressure and as little air resistance as possible make all the difference in terms of range. And try to use position B on the gearbox.
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Does an electric car already have the same autonomy as a gasoline car?
Electric cars are an ecological alternative to traditional gasoline or diesel cars. According to ANWB research, annual charging is considerably cheaper than refueling. That is, if you don’t use the public fast chargers on the road too often. On the other hand, charging takes much longer than an average recharge. And what about the range? Milieu Centraal reaches an average of 425 kilometers (large cars), 310 (medium class cars) and 230 (small cars).
In cold weather, it stays around 85 percent of the range. Then the 3 averages drop to about 361.25 kilometers for large cars, 263.5 kilometers for midsize cars, and 195.5 kilometers for small cars. Although electric cars with a much longer driving range are being developed, the range still lags behind that of fuel cars at the moment. The average middle-class car can drive more than 600 kilometers on a full tank of fuel. Although a fuel car also has less efficiency when temperatures are low. Therefore, economical and sensible driving is recommended in any case, no matter what type of car you have.
Also read: The fuel light on your dash comes on – how far can your car go on the reserve tank?
(Source: Autovisie, ANWB, NU.nl, Autoweek, Fleximo, Manners Magazine, Milieu Centraal, United Consumers. Photo: Shutterstock)